Emma Willard, “Introductory” Map of American History
This map opened one of the first historical atlases of America, created by the noted educator Emma Willard. Note that she marked not just the location of tribes, but their migration over time.
Emma Willard, “Introductory” Map of American History
Emma Willard, “First” Map of American History
Willard’s second map in the atlas marked the earliest voyages to America, and took pains to represent change over time. Note the inclusion of failed voyages and settlements..
Map of Climate Patterns in the U.S.
Forry, a physician, made the first map of climate patterns at the request of the Surgeon General, to study the relationship between geography and disease.
Map of the Distribution of Rain
Guyot adapted this map to illustrate the dramatic differences of rainfall around the world, collapsing extensive data onto a single image.
Map of the World Exhibiting the Isothermal Zodiac
Gilpin adopted Humboldt’s lines to “demonstrate” that the U.S. was destined for economic and political supremacy.
Map of the United States, Showing by Colors the Area of Freedom and Slavery
One of many maps created for the 1856 election. The dark lines across the interior represent the expeditions of John Fremont, Republican candidate for president.
Map of the Basin of the Mississippi
Gilpin emphasized geographical relationships to showcase the “great basin” of the interior, which he predicted would soon become the economic, political, and demographic center of the nation.
Plate IV. Illustrating by Gradation of Color the Prevalence of Syphilis
The Army collected extensive data regarding the health of Union soldiers during the Civil War, and thereafter Congress funded the effort to translate this information into cartographic form.
Washington Map of the United States
Maury compiled this massive wall map to showcase new thematic maps on the eve of the Civil War, which appear along the lower edge of the map.
Map of the Territory of the U.S. from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean
This was one of the first comprehensive maps of the maps, considered the most authoritative for years after it was compiled in connection with the railroad surveys of the 1850s.
Historical Map of the United States
Inspired by the nation’s centennial, Blanchard used both new and facsimile maps to showcase the history of exploration.
Pictorial View of the World
This broadside also attempted to capture a wide range of information, including world topography, and graphs that charted world chronology and the lives of distinguished men.
Map of the Discovery of the East Coast of the United States
Kohl’s map of the east coast used vibrant color to depict phases of exploration as waves upon the shore. Note his careful discussion on the map of the voyages of Sebastian Cabot.
A Map Showing the Progress of the Discovery of the Gulf of Mexico
Here Kohl carefully identified river voyages as well as coastal discovery, from the sixteenth century to his own day
A Map Showing the Progress of Discovery on the West Coast
Kohl innovated the use of color along the coasts to indicate the stages of discovery along the coast as well as the interior.
Emma Willard, “Ninth” Map of American History
In her final map of the historical atlas, Willard proudly asserted the admission of new states in the trans-Mississippi west, and detailed the transfer of territory from native tribes to the Union.
Map of the Shifting Center of National Population, 1790-1870
Julius Hilgard innovated the technique of identifying the “center” of population at each decennial census, which had a profound effect on Frederick Jackson Turner’s concept of the frontier.
French Explorations in the West, 1673-1743
This map adopted techniques used almost a century earlier by Johann Kohl to represent the stages of discovery through the use of color.
Territorial Growth of the United States of America, 1783-1866
This type of map became popular in American schools in the late nineteenth century, a powerful visual depiction of the nation’s historical expansion and ideas of manifest destiny.
United States. Area: Acquisition and Transfer of Territory 1780 to 1870
The abbreviations on this map refer to Francis Walker’s comprehensive narrative, which detailed the territorial growth of the nation, from the colonial era down to his own day.
Map of the Territory of the United States from the Mississippi River to the Pacific (1858)
This is one of the first comprehensive maps of the west, considered the most authoritative for several decades, and prompted by the railroad surveys of the 1850s.
Map of Virginia
Here Henshaw traced a map of Virginia to practice penmanship and learn geography.
Frances Henshaw, Title Page to her Book of Penmanship
Henshaw was a student at the Middlebury Female Academy, and her journal reveals much about contemporary lessons in geography and penmanship.
Descriptive Picture of Virginia
Alongside each hand-drawn state map, Henshaw visually rendered a description of each state to inscribe it in her memory.
Descriptive Picture of Kentucky
Henshaw’s picture of Kentucky indicates that she was taught to arrange material geographically, the same spatial approach to learning promoted by Emma Willard.
Chart of Syphilis in Relation to Other Conditions
This is one of several charts that Baxter designed to showcase data collected during the war, a measurement technique that quickly became part of the new field of anthropology.