The Cotton Kingdom
Atkinson designed this map to convince northerners to embrace the Emancipation Proclamation as a path to a more efficient system of free labor.
The Cotton Kingdom
Sketch of the Rebellion for 1862
This is the Coast Survey’s prototype for a map that captured the state of the rebellion in spring 1862. Note the detailed legend in the lower left marking battle sites and troop routes.
Historical Sketch of the Rebellion (1863)
Each of these “sketches” attempted to tell the story not just of the latest state of affairs, but the progress over the war over time.
Historical Sketch of the Rebellion (1864)
The Coast Survey published several of these maps during the war, each of which detailed the progress of Union control as well as the relative population of the loyal and insurgent states.
First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln
In this iconic portrait, Carpenter carefully reproduced the Coast Survey’s map of slavery in the lower right corner after noticing Lincoln’s attention to it.
Conquest of the South, 1861-1865
Here the Civil War is represented in stages, as popularized by Henry Lindenkohl and the U.S. Coast Survey in the “Sketches of the Rebellion,” included above.
Map of Virginia and its Slave Population (June 1861)
The Coast Survey executed this map just as Virginians were debating secession in order to highlight the different interests around slavery in the state.
Map of Virginia and its Slave Population (August 1861)
The Coast Survey’s second map of Virginia was modified to reflect to growing division in that state during the secession crisis. Note the identification of “Kanawha.”
Map of Virginia and its Slave Population (September 1861)
The final edition of the Virginia slave map used Census data to pointedly illustrate the relative absence of slaves from the western half of the state.